The Jordan K-12 Education System
The Ministry of Education is responsible for K-12 education in Jordan. The K-12 education system in Jordan encompasses pre-primary education that is optional, basic education that is compulsory and last for 10 years, and secondary education that is optional.
Understanding the Jordanian K-12 Education System
Pre-primary education in Jordan is offered by kindergartens and nursery schools. This educational level is optional. Kindergartens in Jordan are mainly run by non-governmental and private organizations.
- Ages: 4 to 6 years
- Duration: 2 years
This educational level provides a perfect study environment and works towards the overall growth of the children. This level promotes the development of the personality of the children.
Basic education in Jordan is compulsory for all. This educational level provides the basic skills and knowledge thus creating the foundation for higher and lifelong learning. Basic numeracy, language and science knowledge is imparted at the basic education level. Arabic language and history of the Islamic and Arab country is also taught. In addition, environment, social skills, and artistic knowledge is also offered.
- Duration: 10 years
- Grades: 1 to 10
- Ages: 6 to 16
Curriculum: Mathematics, computer studies, Islamic education and culture, vocational education, Arabic language, music, physical education, art education, English language, science (chemistry, physics, general science and biology), civics (history, national education, social education, and geography), and French language (optional).
Secondary education in Jordan is not compulsory and is of 2 years duration. Students who have completed basic education are eligible for entry into the secondary education level. This education level prepares students for higher education, or for entry into the job market
. Secondary education is divided into 2 educational streams:
- Comprehensive secondary education
- Applied secondary education
Comprehensive Secondary Education
Comprehensive secondary education provides general education, along with the specialized vocational and academic education.
- Duration: 2 years
- Ages: 16 to 18
- Grades: 10- 12
Comprehensive secondary education comprises of:
Academic Secondary Education
This comprises of literary, scientific and Sharia/Islamic law. This level prepares students for higher education.
Common general education: Civics, Arabic, scientific education, Islamic education and culture, and English
Compulsory subjects: Mathematics, history, Arabic, physics, English and Chemistry
Electives: 1 subjects from biology, environment and geology; 1 subjects from mathematics, Islamic education and culture, and geography; 1 subjects from vocational or literary streams, 2 subjects from biology, environment and geology, physics, and chemistry
Vocational Secondary Education
This comprises of home economics, agricultural, industrial, hotel
, commercial, and nursing. This level prepares students for entry into universities or community colleges, or workforce.
For Industrial vocational education stream: Scientific education, Islamic education and culture, civics, English, Arabic, Mathematics, chemistry, physics, Industrial administration and safety, industrial drawing and industrial science.
For Agricultural stream: Scientific education, Islamic education and culture, civics, English, Arabic, Mathematics, chemistry, biology, soil and irrigation, farming administration, and agricultural sciences.
For Commercial stream: Scientific education, Islamic education and culture, civics, English, Arabic, Mathematics, computer, principles of economics and legislation, accounting and book keeping, and office work and communications.
For Hotel stream: Scientific education, Islamic education and culture, civics, English, Arabic, Mathematics, chemistry, biology, food production and catering, tourism, hotel accounts, and hotel management and reception.
For Nursing stream: Scientific education, Islamic education and culture, civics, English, Arabic, biology, chemistry, physics, nutrition, science of medicines, and anatomy and functions of organs.
For Home Economics stream: Scientific education, Islamic education and culture, civics, English, Arabic, biology, chemistry, vocational drawing arts, administration and vocational safety, and social science.
Applied Secondary Education
This secondary education stream provides vocational education and training, and apprenticeship. The Vocational Training Corporation manages this educational level. Upon successful completion of the programme, a certificate is awarded.
General Secondary Examination
Tawjihi is the general secondary/high school examination (In Arabic:امتحان الثانوية العامة) in Jordan. At the end of secondary education, students must undertake this examination in order to gain entry into the higher education institution in Jordan.