The Jordanian Higher Education System
The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research is responsible for tertiary education in Jordan. Higher education in Jordan is provided by the universities and community colleges.
Jordanian Higher Education History
Tertiary education in Jordan began in 1951 with the establishment of several teachers’ colleges. In 1962, the University of Jordan was established. In 1976, Yarmouk University was established, along with 6 more public universities in different parts of the country. In 1990, the first private university- Amman University was set up and since then, many private universities have been established in Jordan.
Non-university education in Jordan is provided in community colleges. Community colleges in Jordan were established in 1981.
Jordan Higher Education Statistics
- No. of private universities: 19
- No. of public universities: 10
Source: Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Higher Education Institutions
Higher education institutions in Jordan are of two types:
- Community colleges
In Jordan, there are both public and private universities. Universities in Jordan offer a wide range of study programmes. Classes in Arabic as well as English are offered in many universities in Jordan.
This type of higher education institution provides career-oriented specialized education and training, and prepares pupils for middle-level professional work. Community colleges in Jordan offer 2-year intermediate-level courses of study in the following fields: engineering, academic, meteorological, administrative, social work, hotel
management, computer, paramedical, agriculture, educational, and applied arts.
All community colleges in Jordan are overseen and affiliated to Al- Balqa Applied University. Al-Balqa/University of Balqa is a public university in Jordan.
Types of Community Colleges
There are five types of community colleges:
- Eighteen governmental community colleges that are under the umbrella of the University of Balqa in all aspects- administratively, financially and academically
- Twenty one private community colleges that are administered by the private sector under the supervision of the University of Balqa Applied art.
- Four Jordanian Applied Health colleges and departments of the University of Balqa
- Five Jordanian military colleges supervised by the University of Balqa
- Community colleges that falls under the umbrella of the United Nations Relief and Work Agency for Palestinians Refugees (UNRWA) administratively, academically and financially; and supervised by a technical university.
Higher Education Qualifications
This is the first level degree offered by the higher education institutions in Jordan.
- Admission requisite: Students must hold a “General secondary education certificate”.
- Duration: 4 years (For dentistry, engineering and pharmacy- 5 years; and for medicine-6 years)
- Credit hours: 126-257
The master’s degree can be obtained by one of the following ways:
- Completion of a coursework and a thesis, or
- Completion of a coursework and a comprehensive examination
If done by coursework and a thesis, it requires 24 credit hours of courses and 9 credit hours of research; and if done by coursework and comprehensive examination, it requires 33 credit hours.
- Duration: 1-2 years
- Admission requisite: Students must hold a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent qualification
This is the highest degree obtained by the universities in Jordan. Students are required to prepare and submit an original research dissertation.
- No. of credit hours required: Coursework-24; Research-24
- Admission requisite: Students must hold a master’s degree in a related study.
- Duration: 3 to 5 years, depending upon the field of study
To enter the university-level studies in Jordan, students must have a general secondary education certificate. Specific admission requirements vary from university to university.